Malware is a malicious software program that can be unwillingly installed on a digital device via emails or files which are downloaded from the Internet.
A virus is a form of malware that affects the performance of the device by slowing it down strikingly, or can delete the data stored on the device or make it unusable.
Ransomware is a specific form of malware that encrypts files and in so doing makes them inaccessible. The cybercriminals behind the ransomware then demand a ransom from the victim in exchange for access to the data to be restored. The costs can range from a few hundred of Euro to thousands and can be detrimental to a business.
Four key steps to protect your business from viruses and ransomware:
- Keep your operating system up-to-date;
- Don’t install software or give it administrative privileges unless you know exactly what it is and what it does;
- Back up your files frequently and automatically to a separate location;
- Install an anti-malware application and keep it regularly updated. Anti-malware applications prevent, detect, and remove computer malware by scanning files and applications and comparing them with known viruses. If a match is found then the file or application is considered a virus and is blocked or removed.
As part of the Cyber Security Malta, Tech.mt collaborates with the Malta Information Technology Agency (MITA) and the Malta Digital Innovation Authority (MDIA) to deliver educational video episodes about Security in the Digital Economy towards a safer future.