TECH 101: ASCII (American Standard Code for Information Interchange)
Stands for "American Standard Code for Information Interchange." ASCII is a character encoding that uses numeric codes to represent characters. These include upper and lowercase English letters, numbers, and punctuation symbols. Standard ASCII can represent 128 characters. It uses 7 bits to represent each character since the first bit of the byte is always 0. For instance, a capital "T" is represented by 84, or 01010100 in binary. A lowercase "t" is represented by 116 or 01110100 in binary.